Gov. Pritzker Signs Most Equity-Centric Law in Nation to Legalize Adult-Use Cannabis
Chicago — Surrounded by a bipartisan group of lawmakers and criminal justice reform advocates, Governor JB Pritzker signed the most equity-centric law in the nation to legalize adult-use cannabis in Illinois, beginning Jan. 1, 2020.
House Bill 1438 promotes equity and invests in the communities that suffered through the war on drugs, serving as a model for the legalization and decriminalization of cannabis.
"As the first state in the nation to fully legalize adult-use cannabis through the legislative process, Illinois exemplifies the best of democracy: a bipartisan and deep commitment to better the lives of all of our people," said Gov. JB Pritzker. "Legalizing adult-use cannabis brings an important and overdue change to our state, and it's the right thing to do. This legislation will clear the cannabis-related records of nonviolent offenders through an efficient combination of automatic expungement, gubernatorial pardon and individual court action. I'm so proud that our state is leading with equity and justice in its approach to cannabis legalization and its regulatory framework. Because of the work of the people here today and so many more all across our state, Illinois is moving forward with empathy and hope."
"This legislation lives true to the promise to bring justice, equity and opportunity throughout our state," said Lt. Gov. Juliana Stratton. "By including components focused on repairing the harm caused by the failed war on drugs and decades of policies that caused mass incarceration — Illinois is national leader with policy that's a national model."
"I am proud to say that, by working with hundreds of stakeholders and spending years seeking community input, we have crafted the most just, well-regulated cannabis plan in the country," said Sen. Heather Steans (D-Chicago). "This law keeps our children safe by prioritizing public safety, includes extensive restorative justice measures and brings in much-needed revenue for our state. I am thankful to all of my colleagues who stayed with me in this fight and to Gov. JB Pritzker for making it law."
"This team effort sets a new standard for what cannabis reform can look like when undertaken with an openness to tough discussions, a commitment to strong outcomes and a willingness to do the hard work together," said Rep. Kelly Cassidy (D-Chicago). "We set out to do this differently and we did, because we stuck to those principles. The result is historic and full of promise that I intend to ensure we deliver on."
"This historic legislation will right the wrongs of the past and truly serve as a model for other state legislatures as they look for an equity-centric approach to legalize and regulate recreational cannabis," said Rep. Jehan Gordon-Booth (D-Peoria). "The communities that have suffered through the war on drugs will now have an opportunity to enter a new market and be successful. This is nothing short of a landmark moment for criminal justice reform in the state of Illinois that took years to reach. I thank my colleagues in both chambers for making today a reality."
"One of the things that we wanted to make sure we accomplished with legalization was ensuring we put social equity at the center and the heart of our efforts, acknowledging that while we normalize and legalize something that is happening across the country, that we tie the direct nexus to the communities that the prohibition has hurt the most," said Sen. Toi Hutchinson (D-Chicago Heights).
"Legalizing cannabis and ushering in the expungement of 700,000 records will bring justice to the communities that have been hardest hit by its senseless prohibition," said Rep. Celina Villanueva (D-Chicago). "This monumental step forward shows what's possible when public policy is centered around equity in every step of the way. After years of hard work, I'm proud that Illinois will lead the nation in bringing justice and fairness to the cannabis marketplace."
"Today is an affirmation of individual liberty. Adult use of cannabis should be a personal choice," said Rep. David Welter (R-Morris). "Beyond that, I am proud of our commitment that 20% of the revenue generated by legalization will go toward funding for mental health and substance abuse services in Illinois. An additional 10% will go to pay down the state's backlog of unpaid bills; which directly benefits hospitals, health care and social service providers in every community across the state."
"My office is proud to have helped develop this historic legislation, which will provide conviction relief to hundreds of thousands of Illinois residents in the most extensive and equitable way possible," said Cook County State's Attorney Kim Foxx. "The time for justice is now, especially for communities of color who have long been disproportionately impacted by low-level cannabis convictions and the failed war on drugs. We look forward to continuing our efforts to ensure the broadest relief possible under this revolutionary law."
"This legislation recognizes that to move forward and create a new cannabis industry, we have to mend the historic inequalities that have torn communities apart," said Esther Franco-Payne, executive director of Cabrini Green Legal Aid. "Expunging the records of hundreds of thousands of people and making social equity at the center of this bill will change lives and revitalize communities. Cabrini Green Legal Aid thanks Governor Pritzker for his leadership and members of the General Assembly who made this day possible."
A detailed fact sheet is attached, and an overview of key elements can be found below.
ACHIEVING EQUITY THROUGH OWNERSHIP AND LICENSURE
• Creates a $30 million low-interest loan program to defray the start-up costs associated with entering the licensed cannabis industry.
• Establishes a "social equity applicant" status for licensing.
• Designates 20% of the total points for qualifying applicants to obtain a license for a dispensary, cultivation center, infuser, craft grower or transporting organization.
• Waives 50% of non-refundable license fees.
• Allows 180 days from the license award date to identify a physical location for the dispensary, reducing up-front costs.
• Limits ownership to three cultivation centers or craft grow facilities or 10 dispensaries.
• Dedicates a portion of sales in early approval facilities to a cannabis business development fund.
INVESTING IN COMMUNITIES THAT SUFFERED THROUGH THE WAR ON DRUGS
• Establishes the Restore, Reinvest and Renew (R3) Grant Program to address the impact of economic disinvestment, violence, and the historical overuse of the criminal justice system.
• 25% of state cannabis revenue will be transferred to the Criminal Justice Information Projects Fund to support the R3 program.
PROVIDING RELIEF FOR MINOR VIOLATIONS OF THE CANNABIS CONTROL ACT
• Roughly 700,000 records are eligible for expungement under the Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act.
• Approximately 405,000 records are eligible for automatic expungement or the clemency process.
o Category 1: Local law enforcement and ISP will automatically expunge arrests not leading to a conviction for possession and manufacture or possession with intent to deliver for up to 30 grams.
o Category 2: Governor will grant pardons authorizing expungement for convictions for possession and manufacture or possession with intent to deliver for up to 30 grams.
• An additional 302,000 are eligible for the motion to vacate process.
o Category 3: Individuals and State's Attorneys may file motions with courts to vacate convictions for possession up to 500 grams.
• Exclusions: If the cannabis offense was connected to a violent crime it is ineligible for the automatic expungement processes, but the individual (or State's Attorney) can still file motion with the court to vacate conviction.
PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY
Starting January 1, 2020, adults over 21 will be able to legally purchase cannabis for recreational use from licensed dispensaries across the state. The new law takes several steps to protect public health and safety of all Illinoisans.
• Possession limit for Illinois residents:
o 30 grams of cannabis flower;
o 5 grams of cannabis concentrate; and
o No more than 500 milligrams of THC contained in a cannabis-infused product; and
o Registered patients in the medical cannabis pilot program may possess more than 30 grams of cannabis if it is grown and secured in their residence under certain conditions.
• Possession limit for non-Illinois residents:
o 15 grams of cannabis flower;
o 2.5 grams of cannabis; and
o No more than 250 milligrams of THC contained in a cannabis-infused product.
o 20% of state cannabis revenue will support efforts to address substance abuse and prevention and mental health.
• Established a DUI Cannabis Task Force.
• Regulates advertising, packaging and location of cannabis businesses near public spaces, including schools and parks.
• Allows local governments to regulate the location of a cannabis business and home grow.
• Home grow limited to participants of the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program, and caps to 5 plants per household.
The taxation structure is competitive with other states and seeks to raise revenue to promote equity while also eliminating the black market.
• Cultivation privilege tax:
o 7% of the gross receipts from the sale of cannabis by a cultivator or a craft grower to a dispensing organization
• Cannabis purchaser excise tax:
o 10% of the purchase price - Cannabis with a THC level at or below 35%
o 20% of the purchase price - All cannabis infused products
o 25% of the purchase price - Cannabis with a THC level above 35%
o This tax is not imposed on cannabis that is subject to tax under the Compassionate Use of Medical Cannabis Pilot Program Act.
ALLOCATION OF STATE REVENUE
The Illinois Department of Revenue projects that this industry will generate over $57 million in tax revenue and licensing fees in FY20 and, in tax revenue alone, $140.5 million in FY21, $253.5 million in FY22, $323.5 million in FY23, and $375.5 million in FY24.
• Minus administrative costs, the remaining state revenue will be allocated as follows:
o 35% for the General Revenue Fund,
o 25% for the Criminal Justice Information Projects Fund to support the R3 program,
o 20% for the Department of Human Services Community Services Fund to address substance abuse and prevention and mental health concerns,
o 10% for the Budget Stabilization Fund to pay the backlog of unpaid bills,
o 8% for the Local Government Distributive Fund to support crime prevention programs, training, and interdiction efforts, including detection, enforcement, and prevention efforts, relating to the illegal cannabis market and driving under the influence of cannabis, and
o 2% for the Drug Treatment Fund to fund public education campaign and to support data collection and analysis of the public health impacts of legalizing the recreational use of cannabis.