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What is Genocide?


Genocide is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious roup, as such:

killing members of the group;

causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;

deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;

imposing measures to prevent births within the group;

[and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."

(Source: Analysis Framework, Office of the UN Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide)

USHMM Genocide Timeline